Lampworkers (or flameworkers) use a variety of tools and technology to make glass, but the most important element is a flame hot enough to melt glass. For many centuries lampworkers used lamps powered by oil, paraffin, or tallow along with air supplied by a foot-powered bellows or the glassworker’s breath. Today flameworkers use torches fueled by gas and oxygen, sometimes with the addition of compressed air.

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